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In press

Brown, J.K., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. Emergent interactions influence functional traits and success of dune building ecosystem engineers. Journal of Plant Ecology, in press.


Harris, A.L., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. 2017. Differential responses of barrier island dune grasses to species interactions and burial. Plant Ecology, 218:609-619.

Thompson, J.A., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. 2017. Microclimate modification enhances native shrub encroachment. Ecosphere, 8:e01687.

Zinnert, J.C., Stallins, J.A., Brantley, S.T. and D.R. Young. 2017. Crossing scales: complexity of barrier island processes for predicting future change. Bioscience, 67:39-52.

Via, S.M., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. 2017. Multiple metrics quanitfy and differentiate resonses of vegetation to a common explosives mixture. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 64:56-64.


Via, S.M., Zinnert, J.C., and D. R. Young. 2016. Legacy effects of explosive contamination on vegetative communities. Open Journal of Ecology, 6: 496-508.

Bissett, S.N., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. Woody expansion facilitates liana expansion and affects physical structure in temperate coastal communities. Ecosphere, 7: e01383

Zinnert, J.C., Shiflett, S.A., Via, S.M., Dows, B., Manley, P.V. and D.R. Young. 2016. Spatio-temporal dynamics in barrier island upland vegetation: the overlooked coastal landscape. Ecosystems 19: 685-697

Zinnert, J.C., Brantley, S.T., and D.R. Young. CorrespondenceL Bistability and the future of barrier islands. Nature Climate Change, 6: 5-6.

Via, S.M. and J.C. Zinnert. Impacts of explosive coumpounds on vegetation: a need for community scale investigations. Environmental Pollution, 208: 495-505. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.10.020


Feagin, R.A., J. Figlus, J. Zinnert, J. Sigren, M.L. Martinez, R. Silva Casarin, W.K. Smith, D. Cox, D. Young, and G. Carter. 2015. Going with the flow or against the grain? The promise of nature-based solutions for protecting beaches, dunes, and barrier islands.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13: 203-210.

Via S.M., J.C. Zinnert, and D.R. Young. 2015. Differential effects of two explosive compounds on seed germination and seedling morphology of a native coastal shrub, Morella cerifera. Ecotoxicology, 24: 194-201.


Ali .A, J.C. Zinnert, M. Balasubramaniam, P. Yanhui, S-M Chung, and C.N. Stewart. 2014. Physiological and transcriptional responses of Baccharis halimifolia in Comp B (RDX/TNT) amended soil.  Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21: 8261-8270.

Bissett, S.N., J.C. Zinnert and D.R. Young.  2014. Linking habitat with associations of woody vegetation and vines on tow mid-Atlantic barrier islands.  Journal of Coastal Research 30: 843-850.

Brantley, S.T., S.N. Bissett; D.R. Young; C.W. Wolner and L.J. Moore.  2014.  Barrier island morphology and sediment characteristics affect the recovery of dune building grasses following storm-induced overwash.  PLOS ONE Vol 9, Issue 8, e104747.

Guglielmo, L., F. Azzaro, C. Baviera, A. Bergamasco,S.N. Bissett, C. Brugnano, G. Caruso, F. Decembrini, A.L. Garey, A. Granata, C. Cugliandolo, V. Lentini, M.A. Lo Gullo, T.L. Maugeri, M. Pansera, F. Raimondo, L.P. Rodriguez-Vlades, L.A. Smock, S. Spano, P. Trifilo, J.K. Vick, D.R. Young, G. Zagami, J.C. Zinnert and R. Minutoli.  2014.  Multidisciplinary ecological assessment of the Alcantara River (Sicily, Italy) using Bioindicators.  Marine and Freshwater Research 65: 283-305.

Shiflett, S.A., J.C. Zinnert and D.R. Young.  2014.  Conservation of functional traits leads to shrub expansion across a chronosequence of shrub thicket development.  Trees 28:849-858.

Shiflett S.A., J.C. Zinnert, and D.R. Young. 2014. Coordination of leaf N, structure, photosynthetic capacity and hydraulics in the face of environmental controls enhances evergreen expansive potential. Trees Structure and Function, 28: 1635-1644.

Via, S.M., J.C. Zinnert, A.D. Butler and D.R. Young.  2014.  Comparative plant physiological responses to RDX, TNT, and Composition B contaminated soils.  Environmental and Experimental Botany 99: 67-74.


Shiflett, S.A., J.C. Zinnert and D.R. Young.  2013.  Seasonal patterns of light availability and light use of broadleaf evergreens in a deciduous forest understory: Potential mechanisms for expansion.  Open Journal of Ecology 3: 151-160.

Shiflett, S.A., J.C. Zinnert and D.R. Young.  2013.  Changes in composition and structure during restoration of maritime communities.  Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 140: 89-100.

Vick, J.K. and D.R. Young.  2013.  Comparative responses of a non-N-fixing shrub and an actinorhizal N-fixing shrub to N fertilization.  Plant and Soil 371: 377-385.

Wolner, C.W., L.J. Moore, D.R. Young, S.T. Brantley, S.N. Bissett and R.A. McBride.  2013.  Ecomorphodynamic feedbacks and barrier island response to disturbance: Insights from the Virginia barrier islands, Mid-Atlantic Bight, USA.  Geomorphology 199: 115-128.

Zinnert, JC, SA Shiflett and DR Young.  2013.  Plant functional traits of a shrub invader relative to sympatric native shrubs.  Ecosphere 4(10): Article 119.

 Zinnert, J.C., S. Via and D.R. Young.  2013. Distinguishing natural from anthropogenic stress in plants: physiology, fluorescence and hyperspectral reflectance.  Plant and Soil 366:133–141.


Aguilar, C., J.C. Zinnert M. Jose Polo, and D.R. Young.  2012.  NDVI as an indicator for changes in water availability to woody vegetation.  Ecological Indicators 23: 290-300.

Zinnert, J.C.  2012.  Plants as phytosensors: physiological responses of a woody plant in response to RDX exposure and potential for remote detection.  International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 1-11.

Zinnert, J.C., J.D. Nelson, and A.M. Hoffman.  2012.  Effects of salinity on physiological responses and the photochemical reflectance index in two co-occurring coastal shrubs.  Plant and Soil 345: 41-44.


Zinnert, J.C., S.A. Shiflett, J.K. Vick, and D.R. Young.  2011.  Woody vegetative cover dynamics in response to recent climate change on an Atlantic barrier island: remote sensing approach.  Invited publication, Geocarto International Special Issue "Remote Sensing of Coastal System Dynamics", 26: 595-612.

Vick, J.K., and D.R. Young.  2011.  Spatial variation in environment and physiological strategies for forb distribution on coastal dunes.  Journal of Coastal Research 27: 1113-1121.

Young, D.R., S.T. Brantley, J.C. Naumann, and J.K. Vick.  2011.  Landscape position and habitat polygons in a dynamic coastal barrier environment.  Ecosphere 2: Article 71.

Nordstrom, K.F., N.L. Jackson, N.C. Kraus, T.W. Kana, R. Bearce, A. Hecht, L.M. Bocamozo, D.R. Young, and H.A. De Butts.  2011. Enhancing geomorphic and biologic functions and values on backshores and dunes of developed shores: A review of opportunities and constraints.  Environmental Conservation 38: 288-302.

Brantley, S.T. J.C. Naumann and D.R. Young.  2011.  Application of hyperspectral vegetation indices to detect variations of high leaf area index temperate shrub thicket canopies.  Remote Sensing of Environment 115: 514-523.


Feagin, R.A., W.K. Smith, N.P. Psuty, D.R. Young, M.L. Martinez, G.A. Carter, K.L. Lucas, J.C. Gibeat, J.N. Gemma and R.E. Koske.  2010.  Barrier islands:  Coupling anthropogenic stability with ecological sustainability.  Journal of Coastal Research 26: 987-992.

Brantley, S.T. and D.R. Young.  2010.  Shrub expansion stimulates soil C and N storage along a coastal soil chronosequence.  Global Change Biology 16: 2052-2061.

Naumann, J.C, J.E. Anderson and D.R. Young.  2010.  Remote detection of plant physiological responses to TNT soil contamination.  Plant and Soil 329: 239-248.

Brantley, S.T. and D.R. Young.  2010.  Linking light attenuation, sunflecks and canopy architecture in mesic shrub thicket.  Plant Ecology 206: 225-236.

Shiflett, S.A. and D.R. Young.  2010.  Avian seed dispersal on Virginia barrier islands: potential influence on vegetation community structure and patch dynamics.  American Midland Naturalist 164: 91-106.

Naumann, J.C., S.N. Bissett, D.R. Young, J. Edwards, and J.E. Anderson.  2010.  Diurnal patterns of photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence and PRI to evaluate water stress in the invasive species,Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.  Trees 24: 237-245.


Brantley, S.T. and D.R. Young.  2009.  Contribution of sunflecks is minimal in expanding shrub thickets compared to temperate forests.  Ecology 90: 1021-1029.

Naumann, J.D., D.R. Anderson, and D.R. Young.  2009.  Spatial variations in salinity stress across a coastal landscape using vegetation indices derived from hyperspectral imagery.  Plant Ecology 202: 285-297.

Vick, J.K. and D.R. Young.  2009.  Corticular photosynthesis: a mechanism to enhance shrub expansion in coastal environments.  Photosynthetica 47: 26-32. 


Naumann, J.D., J.E. Anderson, and D.R. Young.  2008.  Linking physiological responses, chlorophyll fluorescence and hyperspectral imagery to detect salinity stress using the physiological reflectance index in the coastal shrub, Myrica cerifera.  Remote Sensing of Environment 112: 3865-3875. 

Naumann, J.C., D.R. Young, and J.E. Anderson.  2008.  Leaf fluorescence, reflectance, and physiological response to freshwater and saltwater flooding in the evergreen shrub, Myrica cerifera.  Environmental and Experimental Botany 63: 402-409.   

Knapp, A.K., J.M. Briggs, S.L. Collins, S.R. Archer, M.S. Bret-Harte, B.E. Ewers, D.P. Peters, D.R. Young, G.R. Shaver, E. Pendall, and M.B. Cleary.  2008.  Shrub encroachment in North American grasslands: shift in growth form dominance rapidly alters control of ecosystem carbon inputs.  Global Change Biology 14: 615-623. 

Brantley, S.T. and D.R. Young.  2008.  Shifts in litterfall and dominant nitrogen sources after expansion of shrub thickets.  Oecologia 155: 337-345. 


Young, D.R., J.H. Porter, C.M. Bachmann, G. Shao, R.A. Fusina, J.H. Bowles, D. Korwan, and T.F. Donato.  2007.  Cross-scale patterns in shrub thicket dynamics in the Virginia barrier complex.  Ecosystems 10: 854-863. 

Naumann, J.C., D.R. Young, and J.E. Anderson.  2007.  Linking leaf chlorophyll fluorescence properties to physiological responses for stress detection in coastal plant species.  Physiologia Plantarum 131: 422-433. 

Naumann, J.C. and D.R. Young.  2007.  Relationship between community structure and seed bank to describe successional dynamics of an Atlantic Coast maritime forest.  Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134: 89-98. 

Brantley, S.T. and D.R. Young.  2007.  Leaf area index and light attenuation in rapidly expanding shrub thickets.  Ecology 88: 524-530.   


Young, D.R.  2006.  Estimating aboveground net primary production in shrub-dominated ecosystems.  In: T.J. Fahey and A.K. Knapp (eds.) Principles and standards for measuring net primary production in long-term ecological studies.  Oxford University Press, NY.

Published Proceedings

Wolner, C.W.V., L.J. Moore, D.R. Young,. S.T. Brantley, S.N. Bissett, M.D. Wilson and B.D. Watts.  2011.  Dune builders vs. overwash maintainers: ecomorphodynamic feedbacks on the Virginia Coast Reserve barrier islands.  Pgs 258-271 In: P. Wang, J.D. Rosati and T.M. Roberts (eds.) Proceedings of the Coastal Sediments '11. Miami, FL.

Nelson, J.D., J.C. Zinnert, J.E. Anderson, E. Mendoza and D.R. Young.  2010.  Remote lifetime imaging -- advanced technology for vegetation fluorescence sensing.  Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Remote Sensing of Vegetation Fluorescence, Valencia, Spain.

Zinnert, J.C., J.D. Nelson, J.K. Vick, A.M. Hoffman and D.R. Young.  2010 Rethinking chlorophyll responses to stress:  Fluorescence and reflectance remote sensing in a coastal environment.  Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Remote Sensing of Vegetation Fluorescence, Valencia, Spain.

Naumann, J.C., K. Rubis and D.R Young. 2010.  Fusing chlorophyll fluorescence and plant canopy reflectance to detect TNT contamination in soils.  Proceedings of SPIE 7664:  1L-1-7, Orlando, FL.

Guglielmo, L., L.A. Smock, D.R. Young and M.J. Polo.  2009.  Ecological water quality assessment using bioindicators.  Proceedings of the Center for Integrative Mediterranean Studies, Messina, Italy.

Selavo L., A. Wood, Q. Cao, T. Sookoor, H. Liu, A. Srinivasan, Y. Wu, W. Kang, J. Stankovic, D. Young, J. Porter.  2007.  LUSTER: Wireless Sensor Network for Environmental Research.  In The 5th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (SenSys), Sydney, Australia.